Hubs And Spokes | Tuning Up School Budgets with Great Primary Music

It’s budgeting season. Schools are under pressure due to Covid catchup, rising staff costs and runaway energy bills. Better budgeting means saving on expenses and also raising revenues. Music helps with both.

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When implemented well, whole school music reduces budget expenditure and contributes to school revenues. Learn how.

Top down? Bottom up? A bit of both?

Core funding, capital funding, grant funding?

NFF, pupil premium, lump sums?

Overspend, underspend, no spend?


Yes, you guessed it.


It’s January and Sing Education are talking all things school budgeting.


“It’s an ongoing debate whether schools have enough funding or not. While government has approved an additional £4bn rise in funding for schools to help improve education across the UK, or 5% per pupil in real terms, there is no doubt that challenges still remain.” ENT

The image displays a diagram with a central large blue circle labeled "Grant Funding" surrounded by eight smaller circles, each connected to the center and containing different types of funding sources: "Pupil premium," "Lump Sum," "SEND Settlement," "Sports Premium," "Condition Improvement fund," "Growth Funding," "Free school meals," and "Services Premium." The background is a light blue, and the overall design conveys a structured overview of various educational funding categories.
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The juggernaut of school financial management tools

Let’s start with ICFP.

Now while the idea of linking curriculum and financial planning is not new – most schools probably use some ICFP processes already when reviewing their curriculum or financial strategy – ICFP is still the DfE’s preferred management process for helping schools plan the best curriculum for their pupils with the funding they have available.

ICFP involves measuring your current curriculum, staffing structure and finances, and using the data to create a 3- to 5-year plan. 

download 3 music warm up activities from Sing Education
Click here to download 3 of our favourite music warm up activities


Some tips to make it work best?

Incorporate as many variables as possible to help measure current usage figures and to forecast future resourcing needs. Look closely at macro categories like those below and make some data-informed assumptions about how they may change in the coming year:

  • teacher deployment
  • use of support staff
  • non-staffing costs
  • balance of income and costs

Is your roof nearing the end of its useful life? Has a residential development just added 400+ families to the catchment? Will you need new instrumental kit for the music room in light of changing curriculum standards? Use these data points to make stronger forecasting assumptions re: your upcoming budget. 

And of course, if you’re like most schools, human capital-related costs still represent the biggest line items in your budget. 

According to Amanda Wilson, headteacher at St Alfege with St Peter’s CE Primary School, Greenwich, “The majority of [our] budget goes towards staffing costs. In an ideal world, 70-80 per cent of your budget should be allocated towards staff pay, including on-costs such as pension contributions and national insurance. [That said,] in reality, for a lot of schools – including my own – this percentage is higher.” TES 

And one last tip – don’t forget to account for “outlier” factors such your school’s particular staffing structure, experience levels of current teachers and pay increases that the government has agreed to but doesn’t explicitly fund. These factors may impact your situation differently to the national average.

Budget Timelines Can Be Tight

It’s January. And the start of the new budget year is just around the corner. Though the timeline may seem pressurised –  given that schools have just returned from Christmas break – if you’re a maintained school, you, your SLT and subject leads are absolutely gearing up for April to make the most of your fresh start. 

Given our experience with partner schools, Sing Education know that “throughout February and March, schools will also likely be forecasting next year’s budget, while reviewing their current budget to identify any areas for improvement or any underspend.” SPR


download 3 music warm up activities from Sing Education
Click here to download 3 of our favourite music warm up activities



Because there’s always the spectre of the local authority “claw-back.”

At the end of 2021, Sprint Education conducted their most in-depth education survey ever, capturing insights from over 3,210 teachers and school staff. 

In addition to identifying key termly spending patterns, Sprint also noted that “[a]t the end of the financial year, local authorities can claw back unspent funds. Schools will, therefore, be keen to use up any surplus budget before the end of the financial year to avoid losing it.” SPR

So not only are schools in the midst of financial planning for 2023-24, they may also be trying to avoid any underspending in the current year.

As a result, SLT teams may be in the midst of concurrent, rapid-fire exercises to bid for, evaluate and finalise investments that need to be actioned by the end of this fiscal year. That’s a lot of pressure.

The image shows an open planner on a wooden surface with a black pencil resting on it. To the left of the planner, there's a white cup filled with coffee. The planner has printed dates and lines for notes, but no writing, suggesting a fresh start or planning ahead. The scene conveys a sense of organization and productivity, with a hint of a cozy atmosphere provided by the warm tone of the wood and the presence of the coffee.
The image is an infographic titled "WHERE COULD MUSIC TAKE YOU?" presented by HM Government. It features a vibrant background with musical notes and abstract designs, with a central red speech bubble containing the main question. Around this bubble are quotes from individuals sharing their positive experiences with music. The lower part of the image lists various musical activities and suggests a career in music or the creative industry, with a note that many activities are available for free or with financial support. The bottom text mentions the government's publication "The Power of Music to Change Lives" and its aim to provide quality music education to all young people.

How to Increase your inputs, decrease your outputs

Did you know that building an excellent primary music programme can actually HELP expand school funding and go a long way to solving your key budget concerns? 

download 3 music warm up activities from Sing Education
Click here to download 3 of our favourite music warm up activities

First, let’s consider how music can increase school revenues:

  • Facing declining enrollments? Become a primary of choice by putting music at the heart of your school experience. A strong music programme, including not just curricular learning, but also co-curricular, community-based, SEND and EAL-adaptive music opportunities can put your school leaps and bounds ahead of other local alternatives.
  • Harness parent power, including PTA, also exploring match funding from those parents whose employers have a charity match funding scheme MTA
  • Create opportunities for your ensembles to perform around the community – in time, this will bring in paid engagements MTA
  • Attract advertising for school concerts or concerts in the local community – ask a couple of parents to take responsibility for this: you will be surprised at how much good will is out there for your school, and for music education in general MTA

And secondly, let’s consider how you can think creatively about budgeting for the required music roles within your school.

To start, let’s agree. Good quality music education is at risk. 

As budgets are increasingly streamlined, schools are under

tremendous pressure to do more with less. And sadly music education can be one of the first casualties of this economic reality. Despite Ofsted encouraging – mandating even – a broad and balanced curriculum for primary schools, when there is less budget to go around, schools are frequently forced to forgo hiring a full-time music teacher. In order to make the numbers work, headteachers have to reduce their school’s music offering or get very creative in allocating teaching resources – for example, using music to provide PPA cover. 


This is where Sing Education comes in.


We know that Sing Education’s teaching, recruitment, staff development and school support service represent the highest standards in curricular music. 

In addition, unlike other curricular music services or packaged provision alternatives, Sing Education have invested extensively over the last six years in developing our own bespoke teaching resources. Having seen the results first-hand in the classroom, we are confident that our programme offers tremendous value to schools and pupils. 

But don’t just take our word. “We’re absolutely delighted with our Sing Education specialist”  “We are really excited about the future of music for our children.” That’s what our schools say.

To learn more about Sing Education, including how our music provision, online instrumental lessons and at home learning resources contribute to a well-rounded music curriculum, please visit

For even more info, practical tips and guidance, click below to download your FREE GUIDE “Three Music Warm Ups for Primary Schools”

download 3 music warm up activities from Sing Education
Click here to download 3 of our favourite music warm up activities

About Us

Founded in 2014 and serving more than 16,000 children each week, Sing Education is a first class provider of primary school music education. Focusing on high-quality, singing-led tuition, we deliver a complete solution for schools which includes teacher recruitment, training and management, bespoke curricular resources and educational consultancy services. 

Through music lessons, singing assemblies, choirs, after school clubs and instrumental tuition, Sing Education works with students from Nursery right through to Year 6. Our core philosophy is that “Every Child Has A Voice,” and, as educators active in the classroom, our directors and teachers know firsthand how much young learners benefit from exciting, rewarding music education. 

#SingEducation #MusicInFocus #HubsAndSpokes



  1. How do school budgets work? TES TES Magazine
  2. The Results are in – When Schools Make Purchasing Decisions SPR Sprint Education
  3. Integrated curriculum and financial planning (ICFP) GOV1 Gov Guidance
  4. Easing budget pressures with effective financial planning and school resource management ENT Entrust Education

Building a thriving music department on a small budget MTA Music Teachers Association

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